CRAZY FROG LEARNING CENTER
The argentine ant is one of the most common species in the country. It is brown in color and is primarily a sweet eater. It is one of the most difficult ants to control because it has a tendency to set up multiple satellite colonies to ensure domination over a greater area
Fire Ants can inflict painful stings and will sting repeatedly. They can eat small wildlife or domestic animals. They can also eat through rubber wire insulation. When these guys bite, it hurts! They are 1/8-inch long and a dark-reddish color. Fire ants typically build mounds of earth in the yard.
These ants will sometimes live in the harborage of larger ants, feeding on their hosts’ young. They are approximately 1/10-inch long and brown. They nest in sidewalk cracks, along curbs, under rocks, under floors, or in walls.
Crazy ants get their common name from the workers’ habit of running in an erratic, jerky manner when searching for food. They are found throughout the U.S., but are confined to the indoors in the northern states because they cannot survive the winter outdoors
These ants stink when you step on them. Odorous ants are brownish-red and about 1/10-inch long. They build colonies under rocks and inside walls. Each female can lay one egg per day and they can live several years.
Little Black Ant
The little black ant gets its common name from its very small size and black coloration. Colonies are moderate to very large and contain many queens.
Usually between one to ½ inches long with reddish-brown wings, American cockroaches like to fly outside. They are scavengers with a special taste for warm damp places, water and alcoholic beverages. They like to eat decaying organic matter.
About the same size as brown-banded roaches, German cockroaches have two brown stripes running the length of their wings. Because they love fermented foods, they are regularly found in unsanitary kitchen or bathroom conditions.
Dark brown and about one-inch long, oriental cockroaches seek out warm damp areas indoors. They flourish in basements and storage areas where they can stay close to the ground. They eat decaying organic matter and prefer starches.
Generally over one inch long at maturity, Smokey-brown cockroaches live outside feeding primarily on plant matter. In flight at night, they fly toward sources of light.
Black Widow Spider
Female black widows are about ½-inch long, and black with a red hourglass marking on their underside. Their bites are toxic and humans can have a severe allergic reaction. If bitten, seek medical attention immediately.
Brown Recluse Spider
Brown Recluse bites are hazardous to humans. The venomous brown recluse, with a dark brown fiddle-shaped marking is about ½-inch long. They feed upon soft-bodied insects and hunt their prey at night. At sun-up they drag their food to spin irregular off-white webs in dark secluded areas. If bitten, seek medical attention immediately.
These spiders spin expansive, elaborate orb webs. They can get big, with bodies 1½-inches long, covered with colorful markings, and even longer legs. As their name suggests, garden spiders often live in gardens, trapping flies in their intricate webs. They also frequently engineer webs attached to fences or exterior walls.
Hobo spiders construct a funnel-shaped structure of silk sheeting. Their coloration is plain, being a mixture of brown and rusty earth shades. Look-a-likes have stripes on the legs and are often much larger, whereas the hobo spider has solid light-brown-colored legs. Related species are quite similar in appearance and technical training is required to identify them reliably.
The house spider is about 3/8-inch long with a brownish body. They have a round abdomen with darker markings and spin silky webs around prey. They select web locations at random and if the location does not ensnare prey, they will abandon it and find a new place for construction.
Large, brown, and hairy ranging from ½ inch to two inches in length. Although a nuisance pest, wolf spiders look much scarier than they actually are. Wolf spiders are not typically associated with webs. Inside homes they often hang out near windows, doors, house plants, and storage areas.
This mouse makes its home outdoors in sheltered areas such as hollow tree logs or piles of debris. On rare occasions the deer mouse comes indoors, and prefers undisturbed areas such as attics. The deer mouse transmits the potentially fatal Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome. The disease can be transmitted through contact with mouse carcasses, or by breathing in aerosolized urine droplets of infected deer mice.
Mice are generally much smaller than rats. Proportionally they have smaller ears and smaller hind legs. Mice can squeeze through holes slightly larger than a pencil eraser. They commonly slip in through open doors, attics and foundation vents. Once a female has found perfect conditions, she can have up to 60 offspring per year.
Norway rats live in close association with people. They burrow to make nests under buildings and other structures, beneath concrete slabs, in garbage dumps, and at other locations where suitable food, water, and shelter are present. Although they can climb, Norway rats tend to inhabit the lower floors of multi-story buildings.
The roof rat is also known as the black rat, even though it is usually a dark brown. Roof rats are associated with having spread the plague or “black death” during the Middle Ages. Your typical roof rat is between 13 to 18 inches long, including its tail. In fact, it is distinguished from other rats by its tail, which is longer than the rest of its body. Roof rats are extremely agile and can squeeze through a hole the size of a quarter.
Fleas can jump six to eight inches vertically and up to fifteen inches horizontally. This is how fleas can infest furniture and bedding, regardless of whether you let your pets onto them.
Ticks generally live on animals, carrying disease. They feed on blood, and their colors and sizes vary with different species. Ticks feed on blood and transmit dangerous diseases including Lyme disease, Colorado tick fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, babesiosis, relapsing fever and tularemia. In the United States, ticks cause more illnesses each year than mosquito-borne diseases.
There are many different species varying in size and color. Each body segment has a pair of legs, anywhere from ten to one hundred segments. Centipedes seek out damp environments. They are just as content outside, under a rock or leaves, as they are in a damp basement. Centipedes feed on insects and spiders.
Scorpions are two inches long on average. They eat spiders, insects, and other scorpions. Nocturnal, they hide in shoes, blankets, drawers, and under rocks during the day. All scorpions glow under black light, making black light an effective way to inspect for scorpions at night or in dark areas. Scorpions have live births and carry their offspring on the adult scorpion’s back.
Carpenter bees look like typical bumblebees but often lack yellow stripes. This type of stinging bee gets its common name from its habit of boring into wood like a carpenter.
This hornet (also called Giant hornet) gets its common name from its introduction from Europe into the New York area in the 1800’s. European hornets are much larger than yellow jackets and unlike most stinging insects, can be active at night.
These tiny insects don’t sting but they can be a nuisance nonetheless. Mud daubers construct nests comprised of mud tubes high on walls and under overhangs to protect their larvae and food storage. These tubes are constructed with the mud daubers saliva, often leaving permanent stains where it has attached the mud to the home.
Paper wasps get their common name from the paper-like material out of which they make their nests. Paper wasps are sometimes called umbrella wasps, after the shape of their distinctive nests.
Frequently these pests build hanging honeycomb-shaped nests from eaves, overhangs, and tree branches. Colors and sizes differ among species. Some species are territorial, and they will aggressively defend their nest if disturbed.
Approximately ½ to one inch long with black and yellow stripes. Yellow jackets prefer to locate their nests in a small hole in the ground. This wasp also commonly locates its nest inside the walls of a building, entering through cracks or holes in exterior walls.
Aphids are small insects that live on plants and flowers, using them for food and harborage. They have long slender mouths used for sucking the juices out of plants. Signs of damage include curled, distorted leaves. Aphids also secrete a sticky substance called honeydew, which often turns black with the growth of a sooty mold fungus. These pests are especially attracted to rose gardens, hibiscus, gardenias, etc.
Yellowish-brown and about one inch long, house crickets are heard more often than they are seen. They create a distinctive chirping sound, especially in the dark. They are happy to be outside but will stray toward warm interiors. They can chew just about anything from carpets to clothing, and can bite if captured.
Earwigs are unsightly and can be serious garden pests. They have amber bodies with yellow legs, and sometimes head indoors after rains. Often called “pincher bugs,” they primarily eat decaying matter but do not pinch.
Their bodies are dark and tubular, but vary in color and size from a half inch to twelve inches in more exotic locales. Millipedes have two legs per segment. They live in moist soils, usually covered by plants, rocks, or leaves, and eat decaying organic matter.
Sometimes called “roly-polies” or “potato-bugs,” these are dark segmented critters about ¾-inch long. They feed on decaying plant matter and live in damp areas. They prefer to be underneath the cover of leaves or rocks, but can also be found under boxes in damp, ground-level basements or storage rooms.
These pests like to eat paper, glue, starch, and textiles. Silverfish will feed on wall paper, and are often found in books or cardboard packaging. They are nocturnal and flee from light. They are silvery-white, cone-shaped, and ¾ to ½-inch long.